645 Poplar St, Terre Haute IN 47807, USA
812 232 4972

Worship & Music at Immanuel

Worship

In worship, Our Lord Jesus Christ is present to teach us in His Word and feed us His Body and Blood for the forgiveness of sins.

Our Lord speaks and we listen.  In thanksgiving, we praise and thank Him by confessing what He has said to us.

The Lutheran Reformers were not doing anything new.  They were proclaiming what makes us new: Jesus’ death and resurrection for the forgiveness of sins.  Just like Lutheran teaching, worship is rooted in the heritage of the catholic church instituted by Christ and His Apostles.

Lutheran worship consists of the Divine Service (also called Holy Mass, Holy Eucharist, or Holy Communion) and Daily Prayer (or the Divine Office).

The Divine Service is the chief service of Word and Sacrament every Sunday and Feast.

Daily Prayer is the church’s prayer and meditation on Scripture each day in Lauds (Morning Prayer) and Vespers (Evening Prayer), including Psalms, hymns, prayers, and readings.

The Liturgical Year—A Christian Calendar

Divine Service: Sundays at 10:30am, and Feast Days as announced:

Christmas Eve

Christmas Midnight

Christmas Day

Circumcision of Our Lord (January 1)

Epiphany of Our Lord (January 6)

Baptism of Our Lord (January 13)

Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Presentation of Our Lord (February 2)

Ash Wednesday

Annunciation of Our Lord (March 25)

Maundy Thursday

Good Friday

Great Vigil of Easter

Ascension Day

Nativity of St. John the Baptizer (June 24)

St. Peter and St. Paul, Apostles (June 29)

Visitation (July 2)

Dormition of the Blessed Virgin Mary (August 15)

Martyrdom of St. John the Baptizer (August 29)

St. Michael, Archangel (September 29)

Reformation Day (October 31)

All Saints’ Day (November 1)

Music

Martin Luther expressed that music is next to theology and deserves highest praise.

Luther and the Lutheran Reformers worked with musicians to teach and confess the Christian faith.

By the late medieval times, music in worship was largely confined to clergy and trained choirs.  Lutherans sought to bring music to the people through the hymn, in German called the chorale.

Rooted and continuing in the use of plainsong (Gregorian chant) as its foundation, the Lutheran church became known as “the singing church,” as music based on historic chants and new chorales was composed for choirs, congregation, organ, and other instruments.

Unlike the Protestants, who forbade or limited the use of instruments, singing, and hymns, Lutherans in every time and place have devoted themselves to music as a way to teach and confess the Faith. While other denominations sing what they feel, Lutherans sing what they believe.

Music is not about subjective taste, but about objective truth of the Word of God.  Music is about Our Lord’s work in His Son Jesus.  Music is about delivering and confessing doctrine.  Music is done in the context of Christ’s Life and Work as celebrated in the liturgical year.

Hymns of the Church

Psalms

Canticles

Greek Hymns

Latin Hymns

Medieval Hymns

Luther’s Hymns

Gerhardt’s Hymns

Sixteenth Century

Seventeenth Century

Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century

Twentieth Century

Music of the Organ

History

Liturgical Organist

The church organist is a liturgical organist, whose responsibility is to accompany hymns and liturgy and provide attendant music that is appropriate to the liturgical season, and not to perform or entertain.

In addition to accompanying the congregation and choir in hymns and liturgy, the organist’s solo responsibilities include music before and after the Divine Service (the Prelude and Postlude) and during the offering (the Voluntary, a musical offering).

Immanuel’s Organ

1998 Rodgers

Great Division

16’       Violone
8’         Principal
8’         Gemshorn
8’         Rohrflöte
8’         Flute Celeste II
8’         Cromhorne
4’         Spitzflöte
2’         Super Octave
1 1/3’   Larigot
Mixture IV
Tremulant

Swell Division

16’       Bourdon Doux
8’         Geigen Principal
8’         Bourdon
8’         Gamba Celeste II
8’         Trompette
8’         Oboe
4’         Octave
4’         Copula
4’         Clairon
2 2/3’   Nazard
2’         Flute a Bec
1 1/3’   Tierce
Plain Jeu IV
Swell to Swell 16’ 4’
Tremulant

Pedal Division

32’       Contre Bourdon
32’       Contre Basson
16’       Principal
16’       Subbass
16’       Bombarde
8’         Octave
8’         Gedackt
8’         Trompette
4’         Rohr Schalmei
Mixture IV

Zimbelstern

Music of the Choir

The primary purpose of the choir is to lead the congregational singing.  The choir introduces and leads the congregation in hymns.  The choir is often responsible for singing of the musical propers of the Divine Service: Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Offertorium, and Post-Communio.  The choir may sing antiphonally with the congregation, that is, in groups that respond back to each other, such as in the singing of psalm verses, hymn stanzas, or liturgical responsories.  Finally, the choir may provide appropriate attendant liturgical music as the Voluntary (during the Offering), or during the distribution of Holy Communion.  The choir does not perform anthems, as the choir is not for performance.  Rather, everything the choir does fits into the structure of the Liturgy.

Kantor

The kantor (or cantor) is one who leads the church’s music.  Primary responsibilities of the kantor include serving as organist, leading singing vocally, directing the choir, composing and arranging chorales and liturgical settings, directing instrumental ensembles, and coordinating instrumental and vocal soloists.

Kantors as leaders of music go back to the very beginning of the church, but the Reformation had a specific emphasis on the function of the kantor as new tunes and arrangements of ancient tunes were introduced for singing for the choir in the vernacular, and the musical participation of the congregation in the Mass.  The first kantor of the Lutheran church was Johann Walter, who worked closely with Luther on a number of his hymns.

A kantor is one who is trained in musical proficiency, theology, and practical application of the practice of music in a parish.

Congregation

Music at Immanuel

Adult Choir: All singers high-school aged and up are invited to join the Adult Choir, which rehearses Wednesdays at 7pm and Sundays at 9:45am.  The choir sings each Sunday and Feast from September through May.

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